What is PTSD?
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental illness. It comes after an event where a person is exposed to actual or threatened death, serious injury or sexual violence.
The event could be something that has happened to you, or something you have seen.
- a natural disaster such as an earthquake, flood or bushfire
- a major car crash or other serious accident
- severe physical injury
- rape or sexual assault
- domestic violence
- war or other attack
- witnessing murder or violent death
- a traumatic birth experience.
What causes PTSD?
Psychiatrists think that PTSD is caused by the brain laying down memories in the wrong place. During the traumatic event it’s as if the brain gets overwhelmed. The memories get filed in the ‘immediate action’ part of the brain, instead of the normal place.
Not everyone who experiences a traumatic event gets PTSD. In people who don’t, it’s thought that the brain gradually comes to terms with the memories and they are no longer as vivid.
For people with PTSD, these memories are as distressing and immediate as when the event first happened.
A person with complex PTSD may experience symptoms in addition to those that characterize PTSD.
Common symptoms of PTSD and complex PTSD include:
- reliving the trauma through flashbacks and nightmares
- avoiding situations that remind them of the trauma
- dizziness or nausea when remembering the trauma
- hyperarousal, which means being in a continual state of high alert
- the belief that the world is a dangerous place
- a loss of trust in the self or others
- difficulty sleeping or concentrating
- being startled by loud noises
People with PTSD or complex PTSD may also experience:
A negative self-view. Complex PTSD can cause a person to view themselves negatively and feel helpless, guilty, or ashamed. They often consider themselves to be different from other people.
Changes in beliefs and worldview. People with either condition may hold a negative view of the world and the people in it or lose faith in previously held beliefs.
Emotional regulation difficulties. These conditions can cause people to lose control over their emotions. They may experience intense anger or sadness or have thoughts of suicide.
Relationship issues. Relationship may suffer due to difficulties trusting and interacting, and because of a negative self-view. A person with either condition may develop unhealthy relationships because they are what the person has known in the past.
Detachment from the trauma. A person may dissociate, which means feeling detached from emotions or physical sensations. Some people completely forget the trauma.
Preoccupation with an abuser. It is not uncommon to fixate on the abuser, the relationship with the abuser, or getting revenge for the abuse.
Symptoms of complex PTSD can vary, and they may change over time.
People with the condition may also experience symptoms that are not listed above.
Depression is a chronic mood disorder. It’s more intense and lasts longer than just a day of sadness or “the blues.” Indeed, depression can have a significant impact on both your health and your well-being.
Your doctor may diagnose depression if you have five or more symptoms for at least two weeks straight.
Symptoms of depression
- feeling sad or hopeless
- feeling tired or not having enough energy
- sleeping too much or too little
- getting no pleasure from activities that were once enjoyable
- having a difficult time focusing and making decisions
- experiencing feelings of worthlessness
- contemplating suicide or thinking about death frequently
PTSD vs. depression
It is possible to have both PTSD and depression simultaneously. They’re frequently confused for one another because of similar symptoms.
Symptoms of both PTSD and depression
PTSD and depression can share these symptoms:
- trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
- emotional outbursts, including anger or aggression
- loss of interest in activities
Recovery from PTSD
With proper treatment, about half of people diagnosed with PTSD will feel like they are back to normal within 3 months. Others may have symptoms for a year or more. A smaller group will live with some symptoms for the rest of their lives.
For More information to visit our Site strapcart.com