What is heart disease?
Heart disease is one of the leading health risks facing men today. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), more than one in three adult men has heart disease. Heart disease is an umbrella term that includes:
- heart failure
- coronary artery disease
- other heart-related infections, irregularities, and birth defects
Although it may seem that something so serious should have warning signs, it’s possible to develop heart disease without knowing it as you go about your daily life. Know the early signs of heart disease — as well as risk factors — so you can get treatment early and prevent more serious health problems.
Are symptoms different in men and women?
Men and women share many of the same symptoms for heart disease and heart attacks.
However, men are more likely to experience the well-known heart attack symptoms such as:
- crushing chest pain
- squeezing, discomfort, or fullness in the chest
- pain in the arm, jaw, or back
- shortness of breath
- cold sweat
Women are less likely to experience crushing chest pain. They have a higher chance of having the following symptoms instead:
- pain in the jaw, neck, or chest
- feeling faint or lightheaded
- squeezing on the upper back
- fullness, pressure, or squeezing in the center of the chest
As a result, women are more likely to ignore their cardiac symptoms as it is less obvious that they relate specifically to the heart.
Signs of heart disease in men
In some cases, a heart attack or another severe heart-related event may be one of the earliest signs of heart disease that a man notices.
However, there are often some earlier symptoms and signs that they can look for, which may help to prevent a heart attack, stroke, or other complications of heart disease.
These include the following:
Symptoms of heart arrhythmias
Heart arrhythmias occur when the heart beats irregularly, or too quickly or slowly. Some symptoms to look for include:
- fainting or dizziness
- a sensation of the heart racing, or beating too slowly or irregularly
- discomfort or pressure in the chest that can last for up to 30 minutes
- difficulty catching the breath after moderate exercise such as walking up stairs
- unexplained pain in the jaw, neck, or torso
Symptoms of blood vessel problems
Blood vessels can constrict or narrow over time. When this occurs, it is more difficult for blood to pass through the veins and arteries and this puts greater strain on the heart when it pumps.
Some early symptoms of narrowing blood vessels include:
- shortness of breath
- extreme fatigue
- an irregular heartbeat
- chest pain or angina
- a feeling of pain, numbness, swelling, tingling, coldness, or weakness in the outer extremities
Symptoms of a heart attack
Men generally experience a combination of the following symptoms when they have a heart attack:
- chest pain
- pain in the arm, neck, jaw, or back
- squeezing or a sensation of chest pressure or fullness
- unexplained excessive sweating
- shortness of breath
There are several potential treatment options for heart disease.
A doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:
- warfarin or other blood thinners
- digoxin, which helps the heart work more efficiently
- medication to break up blood clots
- antiarrhythmic drugs
- angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- medication to inhibit platelets, which help blood to coagulate
- calcium channel blockers
In addition to medication, a doctor may also recommend therapies and other medical interventions.
Potential therapies include:
- CPR, in the case of heart attack
- heart bypass surgery
- valve disease treatment that uses either surgery or balloon valvuloplasty
- a pacemaker
- a cardioverter defibrillator to help maintain a regular heartbeat
- heart transplant
- a left ventricular assist device to aid in pumping blood
- enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP), which may open up small bypass channels around constricted arteries
- cardioversion to restore a regular heartbeat
- angioplasty to open up blocked arteries
In the past, doctors often recommended taking aspirin every day to reduce the risk of a stroke, even for people without a history of cardiovascular disease.
Current guidelines, however, advise against using aspirin except in rare cases, as it can increase the risk of bleeding.
A person with a very high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and a very low risk of bleeding may still use aspirin, and those with a history of the following:
- a heart attack or stroke
- cardio or carotid revascularization
For most people without a history of cardiovascular disease, doctors now recommend making healthful lifestyle choices and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
For More information to visit our Site strapcart.com